Pre diabetes: A Guide to Risks, Tests, and Management

Pre diabetes

Pre diabetes: A Guide to Risks, Tests, and Management. If you’re like many, you may feel like you should be doing more to protect your health and take better care of yourself. But where do you start?

We all want to make wise health decisions, but knowing what information is reliable and how to begin can be complex. That’s why we’ve developing this guide about prediabetes: understanding the risks, getting tests, and managing the condition if you have it. With a few steps, you can take charge of your health and get on the right track for a happy and healthy life.

Prediabetes can be tricky to understand—from the numbers behind blood tests to the lifestyle changes that can help manage the condition. But with this guide by your side, we’ll help decode it together.

What Are Prediabetes and How Does It Develop?

Prediabetes is a serious health condition in which your blood sugar levels are higher than usual but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. While prediabetes doesn’t always lead to type 2 diabetes, it can increase your risk of developing it.

Fortunately, by making healthy lifestyle changes and managing your blood sugar levels, you can delay or even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. Here are some things to know about prediabetes:

  • It occurs when your body does not produce enough insulin or is unable to use the insulin efficiently
  • Poor diet, being overweight or inactive, and having a family history of diabetes all contribute to the development of prediabetes.
  • Certain medications and medical conditions can also cause prediabetes.
  • Prediabetes increases your risk for other health problems like heart disease and stroke.

It’s essential to recognize that prediabetes is a serious health concern and should be addressed immediately. Talk with your doctor about managing your risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes.

Am I at Risk of Developing Pre Diabetes?


The answer is yes if you’re wondering whether you should be concerned about prediabetes. While anyone can develop prediabetes, certain factors increase your risk. Knowing if you’re at risk for prediabetes can help you better understand the importance of watching your diet, exercising regularly, and taking other precautions to maintain healthy blood sugar levels.

So what are these risk factors? Here are some of the common ones:

  • Family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Being overweight or obese
  • High triglyceride levels and low HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol) levels
  • Physical inactivity
  • Certain ethnicities, such as African American, Hispanic/Latino American, Native American, Alaskan Native, and Pacific Islander

If any of these sound familiar, you must promptly speak with your doctor and get tests for prediabetes. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent further health complications.

Getting Tested for Pre Diabetes

So you think you might be at risk for developing prediabetes. It’s essential to get tested to know for sure and get on the right track to managing it.

Luckily, testing for prediabetes is easy and can provide valuable information about where you stand. The fasting plasma glucose and oral glucose tolerance tests are used to diagnose prediabetes.

Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPG)

The FPG test measures your blood glucose levels after fasting. You’ll be asked to fast overnight—at least 8 hours— and then a blood sample will be take in the morning. You have prediabetes if your FPG results come back within 100-125 mg/dl.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)


The OGTT testing requires a more extend period of fasting than the FPG does—between 8 and 14 hours overnight—then blood samples are takes twice, with a sugary drink being ingested between those samples. If your results from the OGTT come back within 140-199 mg/dl, you have prediabetes.

Getting tested is the first step in understanding prediabetes—so don’t hesitate to get checkout by your doctor if you think there’s a chance you could have it!

Making Lifestyle Changes to Manage Pre Diabetes

Pre diabetes: A Guide to Risks, Tests, and Management

When managing prediabetes, lifestyle changes can go a long way. Eating healthy, increasing physical activity, and reducing stress are all significant changes you can make to control your blood sugar levels and decrease your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Eating Healthy


One of the most significant changes you can make is to monitor and adjust your diet. It means avoiding processed foods, eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, eating lean proteins, watching portion sizes, and avoiding sugary drinks. Eating a balanced diet will also help you maintain a healthy weight, a critical factor in managing prediabetes.

Increasing Physical Activity

Introducing regular physical activity into your routine will keep your body active and help your muscles use glucose more effectively. Doctors recommend 150 minutes of aerobic exercise every week, such as walking or swimming. Exercise can also reduce stress levels which can prevent blood sugar from spiking.

Reducing Stress

Stress can cause a surge in blood sugar levels, so finding ways to manage or reduce stress from work or home life is essential. For example, incorporating relaxation techniques such as yoga or mindfulness into your daily routine can reduce stress levels while staying active and healthy.

Making these lifestyle changes may seem overwhelming initially, but with enough dedication and support, managing prediabetes without medication or insulin injections is possible. So if you think you might be at risk for prediabetes, start by taking small steps that will eventually lead to a much healthier lifestyle in the long run!

Following a Prediabetes Diet Plan

Having prediabetes isn’t the end of the world—it can be manage with some careful dietary changes. While that might sound daunting at first, it’s easier than you might think, and it doesn’t have to mean giving up all the foods you love.

As part of your prediabetes management plan, your doctor will likely recommend that you follow a healthy diet and exercise routine. It’s important to note that these elements are essential in helping to keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range.

Here are some points to keep in mind when creating your prediabetes diet plan:

  1. Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits – at least 5 servings per day
  2. Sub out refined grains for whole grain options where possible
  3. Reduce intake of red meat; opt for lean proteins like poultry, fish, or beans instead
  4. Limit saturated fats, trans fats, and cholesterol as much as possible
  5. Choose low-fat dairy products when possible
  6. Aim for portion control; try using smaller dinner plates to help stay mindful
  7. Limit added sugars as much as possible; opt for naturally sweet foods like fruits instead
  8. Drink plenty of water throughout the day
  9. Monitor sodium intake; choose seasonings like garlic, oregano, or basil instead of salt whenever possible.

By making healthier food choices and following a regular exercise routine, you can keep your blood sugar levels in the healthy range — which can help put prediabetes into remission!

Exercising Regularly to Control Pre Diabetes

Another way to control prediabetes is to stay active. Exercise has been proven to help keep blood sugar levels in check, boosts your metabolism, and help you lose weight if needed. It also improves insulin sensitivity in your body, making it easier for cells to use glucose as fuel.

Going for regular walks, jogging, or cycling are all great options for exercise. Swimming and tai chi are also suitable for those who are less active. The most important thing is to find and stick with something you enjoy doing.

Benefits of Regular Exercise:

  • Reducing stress levels
  • Improving sleep
  • Increasing energy levels
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Strengthening your heart and lungs
  • Lowering blood sugar levels

So, make it a goal to be more active every day—try to squeeze in at least 30 minutes of exercise each day where ever you can—and you’ll be sure to make progress towards better health!


Prediabetes is an important issue for many people, and understanding it can help prevent it from becoming full diabetes. If you’re at risk, talk to your doctor about testing and lifestyle changes, such as eating better and exercising more.

Unfortunately, there is no one-size-fits-all gel to dealing with prediabetes, but with the proper support and guidance, you can manage it and reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

HELPFULL RESOURCES : What Causes Diabetes to Find Better Treatments

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