The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders and Baby Care

the guide to common neonatal disorders and baby care

The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders and Baby Care. Parenthood can be an exciting, overwhelming experience. You go from caring for yourself to caring for a tiny human. Of course, as a parent, you want to protect your little one from danger, but some things are simply out of your control. For example, common neonatal disorders can strike when you least expect it—but with the correct information and care, you can help your baby get through them better than ever.

In this article, we’ll cover the basics of common neonatal disorders and the best ways to care for your newborn baby. Then, we’ll talk about the signs and symptoms of these conditions and how the treatment. Finally, we’ll provide tips on keeping your baby healthy despite any health challenges they may face. Ready? Let’s dive in!

Common Cold and Cough in Infants: Symptoms and Treatment

Even minor ailments can feel alarming regarding your baby’s health. Thankfully, common colds and coughs in infants are just that, little—though it can still make for a difficult few days of both baby (and adult) discomfort. Fortunately, there are ways you can alleviate the symptoms and provide relief.

Babies’ most common cold or cough symptoms include sneezing, nasal congestion, coughing, fever (101°F or less), decreased appetite, and general irritability. It’s important to note that babies under six months old cannot blow their noses and may need help with suctioning to remove excess mucus.

If the symptoms are mild enough, you can wait and provide comfort measures like a humidifier or saline drops in your baby’s nose. Some doctors may also recommend over-the-counter drugs like acetaminophen (or ibuprofen for children six months or older). If the symptoms become more severe or persistent, however—especially if accompanied by difficulty breathing—consult your pediatrician immediately for evaluation and treatment.

The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders Fever in Babies: When to Worry and What You Can Do

Fever in babies is a common concern for parents. While a fever by itself is not usually cause for alarm, if other symptoms accompany it, it could indicate a more serious underlying condition.

So what does a fever in babies look like? An elevated temperature can be anything above 99⁰F orally, 100.4⁰F rectally, or 99⁰F in the armpit. It’s essential to take your baby’s temperature rectally if they are younger than 4-5 months old, as their internal temperature is more brutal to read accurately with other methods.

If your baby has an elevated temperature, it’s essential to look for other symptoms, such as crankiness or signs of discomfort like unusual fussiness or trouble sleeping. If these symptoms are present along with a fever (especially in babies younger than three months), it may be time to contact your doctor.

In the meantime, you can keep your baby comfortable with gentle hydration and cool baths and dressings and monitor their vital signs closely. A visit to the doctor will help you better understand what’s causing your baby’s fever and potential treatments that may help them feel better soon.

Vomiting and Diarrhea in Babies: How to Avoid Dehydration and When to See a Doctor

the guide to common neonatal disorders and baby care

Vomiting and diarrhea are two common illnesses in babies that, if left untreated, can lead to dehydration. While it can be scary for parents, it’s essential to have a plan in place if this happens.

First, it’s essential to look out for signs of dehydration. These include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Little or no tears when crying
  • Lack of interest in eating or drinking
  • Dry diapers
  • Sunken eyes
  • Cool skin

If you see any of these symptoms, make sure to reach out to your pediatrician right away. Prevention is critical for vomiting and diarrhea in babies, so there are a few things you can do to reduce the risk:

  1. Wash your hands frequently before handling food or your baby
  2. Feed your baby formula that has all the nutrients they need
  3. Ask your pediatrician about which snacks are best for your baby
  4. Disinfect teething toys before giving them to your baby

Though vomiting and diarrhea are common problems in newborns, staying alert and following the steps above can help ensure that these elevate into more severe issues.

Skin Conditions in Babies: Diaper Rash, Eczema, and Cradle Cap

the guide to common neonatal disorders and baby care

Baby skin conditions are common and usually not serious — the most common being diaper rash, eczema, and cradle cap. Care your baby’s skin clean and dry is the first step in preventing these conditions.

The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders is Diaper Rash

Diaper rash is often caused by prolonged exposure to wetness (from urine and stool) in the diaper area. It prevents by changing diapers frequently — at least every 2-3 hours — and using ointment after each change.


Eczema is a skin condition that typically appears on the face, arms, and legs as a red rash that can be itchy or painful. In addition, eczema can cause an allergic reaction or an environmental irritant such as temperature fluctuations or sweat. Keeping the skin moisturized, avoiding harsh soaps, and wearing breathable clothing are all ways to prevent it from recurring.

The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders is Cradle Cap

The cradle cap is known for its yellowish flakes on the scalp that generally appear shortly after birth. It’s believed to be caused by a buildup of oil and dead skin cells at the base of a baby’s hair follicles. Treating cradle caps involves regularly massaging your baby’s scalp with oil or shampoo (tear-free!) to encourage flakes to loosen and brush away easily with a soft-bristled brush.

By taking the steps outlined above, you can effectively treat all these common skin conditions in babies!

Jaundice in Newborns: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Jaundice is a prevalent condition in newborns, and while it isn’t always serious, it’s essential to know the signs and symptoms.

Causes of Jaundice

The cause of jaundice is the buildup of bilirubin in the baby’s bloodstream. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance usually broken down by the liver and then excreted through the baby’s bowel movements. If there is an imbalance between production and excretion of bilirubin, it can cause jaundice. Other causes can include blood type incompatibility between mother and baby, an immature liver, or other infections.


Signs of jaundice often appear two to four days after a baby has been born and include yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine, pale stools, or extreme fatigue. Sometimes, the whites of a baby’s eyes may also turn yellow.

The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders and Baby Care Treatment

Treatment for jaundice will depend on how severe it is. Mild cases may require extra feedings or phototherapy (light therapy) to help break down excess bilirubin in the blood. More severe cases may require an exchange transfusion to remove bilirubin from the body. In either case, your doctor can diagnose and treat your baby’s condition appropriately.

Colic in Babies: What It Is and How to Soothe Your Baby

the guide to common neonatal disorders and baby care

If you’re the parent of a baby, you’ve likely seen the telltale signs of colic. Babies with colic are usually fussy, crying excessively, and inconsolable. However, if it’s your first time dealing with colic, you might not know what to do.

Colic is a type of gastrointestinal disorder in infants, typically characterized by inconsolable crying for more than three hours a day at least three days per week. It causes an immature digestive system or a sensitivity to specific proteins or sugars in food.

The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders and Baby Care-What are the signs of colic?

Sometimes, it can be challenging to determine whether your baby has colic or is simply having difficulty sleeping. Common symptoms of colic include:

  • Excessive crying episodes that last for more than three hours on multiple days per week
  • Crying spells occur in the evening
  • Baby is inconsolable despite being fed or changed
  • Baby has clenched fists and tightened stomach muscles when they cry

The Guide to Common Neonatal Disorders and How do I soothe my baby?

Unfortunately, there isn’t one surefire way to soothe your baby when they have colic. Some things that have to work include:

  1. Proceeds your baby for a walk outside or rock them in a stroller or rocking chair
  2. Swaddling them tightly in a blanket
  3. Playing calming music near them while they’re sleeping
  4. Trying out different positions while feeding or holding them (like laying on their side)

Although it might seem like an eternity when your baby is having an episode of colic, know that this phase will pass eventually — and you’ll soon be back to normal!


Caring for a baby can be complicated and overwhelming, especially when figuring out how to handle a sick baby. It can be worrying and stressful, and knowing the signs and symptoms of more severe illnesses is essential.

However, the critical thing is that most common neonatal disorders and illnesses are not severe. Therefore, you can ensure your baby is adequately cared for by being familiar with the most common diseases and how to handle them and familiarizing yourself with the danger signs of a more severe disorder.

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Written by Vitals Blog

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