Cancer Colorectal: Understanding the Symptoms and Risk Factors

Cancer Colorectal

Cancer Colorectal: Understanding the Symptoms and Risk Factors. When it comes to cancer, knowing your risk factors and understanding the signs and symptoms are crucial to catching it early—and that goes for colorectal cancer, too. This article provides an overview of this type of cancer and the essential things you should know about it.

Maybe you’ve heard friends or family members discussing colorectal cancer, a disease in which cells in the colon or rectum grow abnormally. Or perhaps you have a family history of cancer, so you want more information about how to protect yourself. Whatever the case, rest assured that we will provide all the basics—from risk factors to potential warning signs—to help you learn more about this form of cancer.

What Is Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is a kind of cancer that affects the colon and rectum. It’s one of the most common types of cancer, with more than 135,000 new cases diagnosed in the US in 2020. Unfortunately, it’s also one of the leading causes of death from cancer in the US, with more than 50,000 people dying each year.

When it comes to symptoms and risk factors for colorectal cancer, there are several to be aware of. Common symptoms include changes in bowel habits—such as diarrhea or constipation—unexplained weight loss, bloody stools or rectal bleeding, and abdominal pain or discomfort. Other symptoms include fatigue or weakness, gas or bloating, and anemia.

Risk factors for colorectal cancer include age — people over 50 are more likely to develop cancer — family history of colorectal cancer or polyps (precancerous growths in the colon). Lifestyle choices like smoking and being overweight. Certain medical conditions include inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis (UC), and certain medications.

Common Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer to Watch Out For

What Is Colorectal Cancer

If you’re worried about colorectal cancer, it’s essential to understand the signs and symptoms to watch for. While most cases have no symptoms or symptoms that can be mistaken for other conditions, some common indicators should not be ignored.

The symptom of colorectal cancer is a change in bowel habits, such as a persistent change in the frequency of bowel movements or stools that are much looser or more watery than usual. Other signs include blood in your seat, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, and fatigue. Additionally, you may feel an urgency to use the bathroom often or even experience rectal bleeding.

If symptoms appear suddenly or persist for weeks or months without an identifiable cause like food poisoning, it is crucial to see a doctor immediately. Early detection of colorectal cancer is critical in preventing further complications, and treatment becomes much more effective if caught early.

Major Risk Factors for Developing Colorectal Cancer

What Is Colorectal Cancer

When it comes to colorectal cancer, understanding the risk factors is critical. The most significant risk factor is age—those over 50 are more likely to get this form of cancer than younger adults. Other important risk factors include:

A Personal or Family bloodline of Colorectal Cancer or Polyps

If you have a family member with colorectal cancer or polyps, you are at an increased risk of developing it yourself. It is why it’s important to discuss your family’s medical history with your doctor.

Inflammatory Intestinal Conditions

Inflammatory intestinal conditions such as ulcerative colitis disease increase your risk of colon cancer. People who have had these conditions for a long time or have severe cases of these conditions are at a higher risk.

Residue Diet Low in Fiber and High in Fat

Eating a diet low in fiber and high in fat can also increase your risk, so eating healthy foods like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables is essential. Also, try to avoid processed foods that contain a lot of fat and sugar and red and processed meats.

Lifestyle Choices That Increase Risk

Lifestyle choices like smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol can also increase your colon cancer risk. So if you are currently making unhealthy choices, now would be a time to start switching them up!

Screening and Diagnosis: Colonoscopy and Biopsy

Knowing the risk factors for colorectal cancer is critical to catching it early. One way is through regular screenings and tests, like a Sigmoidoscopy. A colonoscopy is a check in which a long, lighted tube is passed through the rectum and into the colon. This tool allows doctors to look for polyps and other signs of cancer within the colon.

While a colonoscopy can detect polyps or tumors in the rectum, it’s important to note that it cannot diagnose cancer. Instead, your doctor may request a biopsy for that diagnosis: a sample of more tissue from the abnormal area. This tissue sample can tell whether or not your abnormal cells are cancerous.

The excellent news about colon cancer is that it’s both highly preventable and treatable when caught early—a key reason you should take active measures to understand your risk factors and get regular screenings!

Stages of Colorectal Cancer and Prognosis

If you’re worried about colorectal cancer, it’s essential to know the stages that characterize it. The steps usually range from 0 (no cancer) to IV (the most advanced stage).

The stage of This determines the prognosis, which is the likelihood of recovery or survival. For example, in stage 0 (precancerous polyps or adenomas), the five-year survival rate may be as high as 100%. However, the five-year survival rate in location IV may be only 12%.

Factors influencing prognosis

The specifics of your prognosis will depend on a few factors:

  • The size and location of your tumor
  • Whether it has rol on to other organs or tissues
  • The type of cancer cells present
  • Your general health and age when you’re diagnosed.

Getting an early diagnosis is critical—it provides the best possible chance for successful treatment and a good prognosis. So if you are experiencing any potential symptoms mentioned above, talk to your doctor about getting tested for colorectal cancer.

Treatment Options for Colorectal Cancer: Surgery, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Therapy

Regarding colorectal cancer, there’s good news: treating the disease is possible. It all starts with early detection, so if you notice any symptoms like blood in your stool, or ongoing abdominal pain or discomfort, make sure you get checked out immediately.

Regarding treatment options for this type of cancer, there are three main types: surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.


It is the most common treatment for colorectal cancer and involves removing the tumor and nearby tissue from the colon or rectum. Sometimes lymph nodes may also be removed if the cancer has spread. Depending on the cancer stage, part of the rectum or colon may also need to be removes (resection).


It involves taking medication designed to kill fast-growing cells like cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be uses before surgery (neoadjuvant) if needs, during surgery (intraoperative), or after surgery (adjuvant). It can help shrink or kill tumor cells if they spread to other body parts.

Radiation Therapy:

This type of treatment uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. It can also be combine with chemotherapy before and after surgery to fight off any remaining cancer cells not removed during surgery.


Colorectal cancer is a severe and potentially life-threatening disease. It is essential to understand the symptoms and risk factors of colorectal cancer and to take steps to reduce your risk. It includes regular screening exams, awareness of personal risk factors, and a healthy lifestyle. If you experience any symptoms, discussing them with your doctor is essential. Early detection and treatment can lead to successful outcomes.

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Written by Vitals Blog

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