Gestational Diabetes Symptoms, Types, And Treatments

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms, Types, And Treatments Going through a pregnancy can be one of the most magical experiences in life, but it also comes with risks. One of these risks is gestational diabetes, which affects about 5 percent of U.S. pregnancies yearly.

Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can’t make enough insulin during pregnancy to control your blood sugar levels. If left, gestational diabetes can lead to severe complications for you and your baby. But the good news is that by understanding the symptoms and causes of gestational diabetes and potential treatments, you can take steps to keep you and your baby healthy during this particular time.

In this article, we’ll discuss what gestational diabetes is, its potential symptoms and causes, and possible treatments and strategies for managing it. Keep reading to learn more!

What Is Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes is a frame of diabetes that diagnoses during pregnancy. It occurs when your body can’t make enough insulin to check your blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone your pancreas produces that is key to letting blood sugar into your body’s cells for energy use.

With gestational diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough of this hormone, which causes the sugar to build up in your blood. Leaving natural can lead to an increased risk of severe health problems for you and your baby. Fortunately, several treatments, such as diet and lifestyle changes, medications, and insulin injections, can help you manage gestational diabetes during pregnancy and after delivery.

Risk Factors for Developing Understanding

It’s important to note that many pregnant women are at risk for gestational diabetes, so certain factors may increase the chances of developing the condition. These include:

  • A family history of diabetes
  • Obesity before pregnancy
  • Age (over 25)
  • Race/ethnicity (African American, Hispanic/Latino, or Native American)
  • Previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or other medical conditions

Suppose you have any of these risk factors. In that case, it’s essential to monitor your blood sugar closely throughout your pregnancy to catch gestational diabetes early and manage it with the help of your doctor.

Recognizing the Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms, Types, And Treatments

Do you know the signs of gestational diabetes? Every expecting mother should be aware of its symptoms so that they can know when it’s time to seek medical attention.

Here are some common symptoms of gestational diabetes:

  1. Unexplained fatigue and tiredness
  2. Blurred vision
  3. Excessive thirst and frequent urination
  4. Unusual weight gain or even extreme weight loss
  5. Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  6. Nausea and vomiting
  7. Large babies at delivery or an overgrowth of specific organs in your baby
  8. High sugar levels in your baby’s amniotic fluid (the fluid that surrounds your baby inside the womb)

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s essential to speak with your doctor – early detection and intervention are crucial to reducing the risks associated with gestational diabetes for you and your child.

Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes: Glucose Tolerance Test

If you’re pregnant, your doctor might suggest you take a Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) to diagnose whether or not you have gestational diabetes. But what is a GTT, and how does it work?

The GTT is an oral test that measures your body’s reaction to sugar absorption during pregnancy. It tests how well your body processes glucose or blood sugar. During the test, you will drink a sweet liquid containing 75 grams of glucose, and your blood sugar levels will monitor for up to three hours afterward.

Here are the steps of the GTT:

  1. You’ll start with a fasting sample – meaning you won’t be able to eat or drink anything for 8-14 hours before the test begins.
  2. Then, your doctor will give you a sweet liquid containing 75 grams of glucose in about 5 minutes.
  3. After drinking the liquid, your doctor will take several blood samples over two to three hours.
  4. Results grab from the samples taken after one hour and two hours
  5. Your doctor will interpret the results – if it shows an abnormally high blood sugar level, then gestational diabetes has been diagnosed

Suppose your doctor diagnoses you with gestational diabetes based on these results from the GTT. In that case, they’ll prescribe a treatment plan for managing it throughout your pregnancy—which may include lifestyle changes like regular exercise, a healthy diet, and medication.

Managing Gestational Diabetes With Diet, Exercise, and Insulin

It’s important to understand that your risk of developing gestational diabetes reduces by lifestyle changes, such as dieting and exercising regularly. You’ll also need to monitor your blood sugar levels and possibly take insulin if your glucose levels remain too high.

Here are tips you can use to help manage your gestational diabetes:

  • Eat healthily: Choose a variety of foods high in fiber and low in fat. Try to eat at least three small meals and two snacks every day. You should also choose foods with complex carbohydrates like whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables instead of processed or refined carbohydrates.
  • Exercise regularly: Talk to your doctor about a safe exercise routine for you and your baby. Even some light exercise is beneficial during pregnancy.
  • Monitor your glucose levels: Keep track of how much sugar is in your food, and check your glucose levels regularly throughout the day.
  • Take insulin or medicine if needed: If necessary, your doctor may suggest taking insulin or other medications to help manage your glucose levels. Follow the instructions carefully so that you don’t experience any adverse side effects.

With the proper diet, exercise routine, monitoring of glucose levels, and possibly medication, you can manage gestational diabetes for a healthier pregnancy experience for you and your baby!

Potential Complications of Uncontrolled Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes, if left unchecked and uncontrolled, can lead to severe complications for both you and your baby. If you’re not careful, high blood glucose levels can cause pregnancy issues like preterm labor, preeclampsia, and more-than-averagely-large babies.

The avoid any potential dangers of gestational diabetes during pregnancy, it’s essential to keep it in check:

  1. Make sure to keep up with your healthcare provider’s recommended treatments and schedule periodic checkups
  2. Monitor your blood sugar levels throughout the day and maintain a healthy diet with meals spaced throughout the day
  3. Exercise regularly to help your body use insulin more efficiently
  4. Stay hydrated with plenty of healthy liquids like water, unsweetened tea, or coffee
  5. Speak with your doctor immediately if you notice any changes in your condition or health.

By controlling gestational diabetes through appropriate treatment and regularly monitoring your blood glucose levels. You can reduce the risk of complications for you and your baby during pregnancy.

Giving Birth With Gestational Diabetes: What to Expect

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms, Types, And Treatments

If you have gestational diabetes, it’s normal to wonder, “What happens when I give birth?” The good news is that birth outcomes are generally positive if your gestational diabetes ensures your and your baby’s health.

That said, there are a few things to keep in mind when it comes to giving birth with gestational diabetes:

  • Your healthcare provider might recommend induction if:
    • You’re 38 weeks pregnant and not progressing toward labor on your own
    • Your blood glucose levels were high earlier in the day
  • You may also need to have a cesarean section (C-section) if:
    • Your baby is large or growing faster than expected
    • It would help if you had insulin during labor
    • If labor progresses quickly and if you’re not moving enough

Your healthcare team will be with you before, during, and after delivery to ensure everything goes as smoothly as possible. Monitor your blood sugar levels and your baby’s during delivery. If necessary, they may use IV fluids or insulin injections to help keep your blood sugar levels in check while delivering your


In conclusion, gestational diabetes is a common health issue that affects many pregnant women, and it is essential to be aware of the symptoms, causes, and treatments available. By understanding this effect, you can take steps to manage it and have a healthier pregnancy.

Having gestational diabetes stop means that you have done something wrong, nor does it mean that you cannot have a healthy and successful pregnancy. But it requires regular glucose level monitoring, careful diet and exercise, and close management of the condition with your healthcare provider. Most importantly, however, you must actively advocate for your health and well-being.

What do you think?

Written by Vitals Blog

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

GIPHY App Key not set. Please check settings

How to Prevent Diabetes

How to Prevent Diabetes:  Make Simple Lifestyle Changes Now

Signs of Diabetes

Signs of Diabetes: Identifying Early Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes